Australian Involvement and Chronology


Australian Forces

Royal Australian Navy (RAN)

  • Aircraft Carrier: Sydney
  • Battle Class destroyers: ANZAC and Tobruk
  • Tribal Class destroyers: Warramunga and Bataan
  • River Class frigates: Condamine, Culgoa, Murchison and Shoalhaven

Royal Australian Regiment (RAR)

  • 1st Battalion, 2nd Battalion, 3rd Battalion, The 3rd Battalion was first into action, being diverted from BCOF duties in Japan.

Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF)

  • No 77 Squadron diverted from BCOF in Japan

Volunteers in Australia were also raised - many who were WW2 veterans or those who were too young to serve in WW2.

Time Line: Australia in the Korean War

25 June: North Korea invades South Korea; UN Security Council meets.
26 June: US air and sea forces directed to assist South Korea.
2 July: 77 Squadron sent from Japan immediately in action; RAN ships in Korean waters.
15 September: Successful UN amphibious landing at Inchon forces North Koreans to withdraw.
28 September: US Marines recapture Seoul, capital of South Korea; 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment arrives.
19 October: UN forces occupy Pyongyang, capital of North Korea.
29 October: Australian 3rd Battalion drives enemy north as far as Chongju, just short of the Chinese border.
1 November: First clash between Chinese and UN forces takes place on the Chinese border.
5 December: North Koreans and Chinese re-occupy Pyongyang. RAN ships take part in gallant rescue of wounded UN troops and Korean refugees.
January-March: UN abandons Seoul only to recapture it by 14 March.
22 April: Chinese Spring offensive - human waves of soldiers attack the UN line just north of Seoul.
23-24 April: Battle of Kapyong. 27 and 29 Brigades defeat superior strength Chinese force. 3rd Battalion RAR receives Presidential Citation for their part in the battle.
21 May: Chinese offensive collapses.
July-August: Unsuccessful cease-fire talks at Kaesong.
3-8 October: Stalemate leads to the construction of trenches and heavily fortified defensive positions along the 38th Parallel.
3 April: 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, arrives.
3 October: Australians advance their position 6000 yards taking the key Chinese defence points: Hills 217, 317 and 355.
17 March: 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, arrives to replace 1st Battalion.
26 April: Cease-fire talks resume at Pan mun jom.
27 July: Cease-fire agreement signed at Pan mun jom.